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title 5G


5G is a fifth generation mobile communications standard where data transfer rates of up to 10 Gbit/s are possible.

Compared to the 4G standard LTE 5G supports the following features

South Korea was the first country to launch a nationwide 5G network on 2019-04-03.

The frequency spectrum used is divided into two bands

For a long range coverage only long-wave and therefore low frequencies are suitable. The unused 700 MHz range would therefore be suitable for 5G expansion outside of the big cities. In the LTE expansion, the 800 MHz range was used. Here, the range coverage is at the expense of the bandwidth. At short-wave and thus high frequencies the range decreases. Thus, they offer more bandwidth and therefore data transfer rate. Extremely fast 5G networks with up to 10 GBit are only possible with channel bandwidths from 100 MHz. Currently, bands in the range from 24-86 GHz are considered. But this would be radio cells with only a few hundred meters diameter.

As with LTE also the 5G bands are numbered consecutively and not each cellphone offers all the following.

FR 1

Band Downlink (in MHz) Uplink (in MHz) Duplex Mode
n1 2210-2710 1920-1980 FDD TDD
n2 1930-1990 1850-1910 FDD
n3 1805-1880 1710-1785 FDD
n5 869-894 824-849 FDD
n7 2620-2690 2500-2570 FDD
n8 925-960 880-915 FDD
n20 791-821 832-862 FDD
n28 758-803 703-748 FDD
n38 2570-2620 2570-2620 FDD TDD
n41 2496-2690 2496-2690 TDD
n66 2210-2200 1710-1780 FDD
n70 1695-1710 1995-2020 FDD
n71 617-652 663-698 FDD
n74 1475-1518 1427-1470 FDD
n75   1432-1517 SDL
n76   1427-1432 SDL
n77 3300-4200 3300-4200 TDD
n78 3300-3800 3300-3800 TDD
n79 4400-5000 4400-5000 TDD
n80 1710-1785   SUL
n81 880-915   SUL
n82 832-862   SUL
n83 703-748   SUL
n84 1920-1980   SUL
n85 2496-2690   SUL

FR 2

Band Downlink (in GHz) Uplink (in GHz) Duplex Mode
n257 26.5-29.5 26.5-29.5 TDD
n258 24.75-27.5 24.75-27.5 TDD
n259 31.8-33.4 31.8-33.4 TDD
n260 37-40 37-40 TDD


The current 5G network still depends heavily on LTE. The expansion from 5G Non-Standalone (NSA) to 5G Standalone (SA) takes place primarily via software. 5G NSA typically operates 5G and 4G radio access with a 4G core, since the network operators do not use new hardware when introducing it. They will successively upgrade to 5G SA with 5G core.


In Germany Telekom, Vodafone, Telefónica and United Internet have auctioned 5G licenses. Vodafone offers 5G to their customers as first German operator since July 2019, Telekom followed in September 2019 and Telefónica in October 2020. United Internet wants to start in 2021.

Recommended Links

>The Skyynet mobile phone database shows the supported network standards for all mobile phones


>Find all cellphones with 5G


>Information about 4G (LTE)


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